The practice of law carries with it high levels of stress and competition as well as ethical challenges. It also requires a considerable amount of time spent in the office researching and writing legal documents.


A lawyer is a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen with special responsibility for the quality of justice. Lawyers must abide by the Rules of Professional Conduct. Click Kevin A. Adamson, P.C. to know more.

The path to becoming a lawyer is lengthy – on average, future lawyers spend seven years between post-secondary education and getting their license to practice law. Aspiring legal professionals should gain practical experience as early as possible through internships, volunteering and job shadowing, to develop their analytical, communication and critical thinking skills. This firsthand experience will also help clarify career objectives and strengthen a law school application or juris doctor degree.

While there is no pre-law undergraduate major that prepares aspiring lawyers for the rigors of law school, future legal practitioners should choose subjects that align with their desired area of practice. For example, choosing a bachelor’s degree in business administration or a degree in history can equip future lawyers with a solid grasp of corporate operations and financial management, which are necessary for many areas of the law such as employment and real estate.

A bachelor’s degree in philosophy can also be advantageous for future lawyers because of its emphasis on logic, ethics and critical analysis – all valuable attributes in the field of law. In addition, the study of philosophy encourages research and understanding of historical contexts that impact current laws and societal changes.

After earning a JD degree and passing the bar exam, continuing education and training is vital for lawyers to stay abreast of changes in laws and regulations. Most prosecutors’ offices, public defenders’ offices and large law firms offer in-house professional development programs. For example, at Philadelphia-based Dechert LLP, associates can participate in a Toastmasters-type program to hone their writing and speaking skills.

Other innovative efforts, such as workshops and seminars, can strengthen a lawyer’s skill sets in key areas, such as legal writing or oral advocacy. Husch Blackwell, for instance, hosts a wide variety of professional development programs, from HB Foundations (a week-long orientation designed to bridge the gap between law school and firm life) to a speaker series for associates focused on improving their brief writing and client communication skills. Investing in professional development opportunities can help new and experienced lawyers grow their knowledge base, improve client outcomes and achieve their career goals.

Representation of Clients

An essential element of the lawyer’s work is to represent clients. In addition to providing legal counsel, attorneys also serve as intermediaries between individuals and government agencies or private entities. They may negotiate and mediate agreements, or they may serve as officers of the court, appearing on behalf of their clients in a judicial capacity. Lawyers also serve as advisors, helping their clients to arrange their affairs, such as by preparing wills and trusts or arranging the structure of businesses.

Attorneys must obey the law and adhere to strict ethical constraints. For example, they must not harass persons seeking their services or make false or misleading claims in advertising. They also may not divulge confidential client communications to others unless required by law or permitted by the rules of professional conduct. They must not assist a person whom they know to be engaging in illegal or fraudulent activity and should not engage in romantic relationships with clients during the course of representation.

Clients have certain obligations as well. They must communicate with their attorneys regularly and provide accurate, timely information about the status of a matter. They should honor agreed-upon payments and deadlines, and they must keep their attorneys informed of any changes in their personal or professional circumstances that might affect the case. They should avoid discussing the matter with third parties unless authorized by their attorneys and must keep their attorneys informed of their current address, telephone number and email address.

An attorney may decline to accept a matter if he determines that the cause of the client is without merit, that there is a conflict of interest or that he cannot competently and diligently represent the client. He must inform the client of the reasons for his refusal and, if requested by the client, provide copies of relevant documents. In the course of representing a client, a lawyer must advise the client about legal strategies, risks and costs. He is also responsible for deciding how to pursue the client’s objectives, such as by filing motions and conducting discovery. Although courts discourage self-representation, a client may choose to act pro se in some cases.


Legal advocacy is a powerful tool that can promote change, empower marginalized groups, and uphold the principles of justice. Strong advocates are adept at presenting arguments, navigating legal complexities, and influencing courtroom decisions. Advocates also possess the ability to empathise with clients, which helps them to tailor their argument and present it in a compelling manner.

One of the primary duties of a lawyer is to serve their client’s best interests. This includes ensuring that the client is informed about their case, and that they understand the legal proceedings, so that they can make the best possible decision. Lawyers must be confident and resilient when presenting their arguments in court, and they should always seek to anticipate counterarguments and other issues that may arise during proceedings.

In addition to representing clients in a courtroom setting, legal advocates can be found working with community organizations and assisting individuals who are seeking justice. These advocacy opportunities allow attorneys to serve a broader range of the public and demonstrate their commitment to their community. These experiences can be invaluable when it comes to landing a job at a law firm, as they demonstrate the variety of skills that a lawyer can bring to the table.

Advocates can also help their clients resolve disputes through mediation and other alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. This can reduce the burden on courts, prevent lengthy court cases, and promote reconciliation amongst parties. Lawyers with expertise in mediation can help their clients reach mutually acceptable solutions that are fair and equitable to all involved.

Some lawyers work on legal advocacy as part of their overall professional responsibilities, and others choose to volunteer for this type of service in their spare time. Volunteering as an advocate can be an excellent way to gain experience and develop the necessary skills for a career in law, and it can also provide an excellent opportunity to network with people from a wide range of industries. If you are considering volunteering as an advocate, be sure to discuss this with your mentors and other professional colleagues, and remember that it is important to balance your work life with your personal life.


A lawyer’s work often requires conducting in-depth research. This may involve analyzing current laws and regulations, reviewing legal precedents and case law and consulting with other lawyers. It may also require consulting with clients and preparing and filing legal documents. In addition, research is an essential component of drafting legal opinions and arguing cases in court. Research may be conducted through a variety of means, including online legal databases such as LexisNexis and Westlaw, printed resources such as treatises, law journals, case law reports, statutes and regulations, and primary sources such as constitutional laws, international agreements and national and state constitutions.

Many legal researchers have an associate degree in paralegal studies or legal research and writing. These programs usually cover fundamental topics of the legal world, such as the structure of a law firm and the basic principles of both civil and criminal law. They also train students in the use of the major legal search databases, such as LexisNexis and Westlaw. Some research and analysis programs are geared towards a particular subject area, such as the fields of immigration or health care.

Legal researchers are often employed by large law firms and corporations, in addition to private organizations such as government agencies or universities. These roles provide a range of perks, such as the opportunity to work with attorneys and to develop a wide breadth of legal knowledge in a specific subject area. In addition, these positions offer competitive salaries and the chance to advance into more senior positions.

Several law schools have dedicated research institutes that conduct innovative projects in specific areas of the legal field. For example, the Houston Institute of Empirical Law works to provide a deeper understanding of the changing global legal profession and is dedicated to developing new methods and content for teaching law students.

Other research institutes focus on social justice and community development. For example, the Bernstein Institute for Human Rights envisions a world in which “law is grounded in a philosophy of human rights, legal systems are equitable and accessible, and lawyers act in partnership with communities to build power.” The institute seeks to achieve this vision by conducting research that challenges existing legal systems and policies, educating law students and practicing lawyers, and promoting collaboration with other legal and non-legal organizations.